FUNCTIONAL ESSAYS AND TECHNIQUES

Essay

Introduction:

Essay writing is the fulcrum of creative and continuous writing. It is two third of writing in its expansive and technical scope. Whatever we do in life, at some point we will be required to write essays on different topics which can sometimes be technical or academic. A knowledge and prowess of essay writing give a commanding standing in handling other types of continues writing. It is basically important to point out that most writing engagements follow the same pattern an essay follows, or draws from its intrinsic factors. The only thing a good essayist must know is the rules that obtain in individual writing engagements, especially those that are technical and have their own set format, like the letter, minute, technical report, proposal etc. essay writing tests most truly your creative ability and your mastery of English grammar. So, your grammatical contractions are more pronounced in essay writing, logic is tested and proved, and your ability to create a story, describe an event or espouse a body of knowledge most readily come to play. The technical writings are not so suited in this way. They are confined in purpose, and so do not admit an unnecessary exposition, like letter, minute, report and proposal, and since creativity is not so liberated, the rules of grammar are not solidly tested.

This shows you that a mastery of essay writing, is the beginning of being a good write. From the altar of essaywriting, you can then explore the world of restricted writings, like poem and drama. The foundation however, must have been laid in essay writing. Interestingly, writing a book, a chapter for a book and even a novel or short story is an exercise in an extended type of essay writing.  This is because the general formats that all these species of literature takes are all embedded in essay writing. The need for an introduction, a logical correlation, proper use of paragraphing  and content flow comes directly from essay writing.

Importance of Essay Writing.

Why learn how to write essays, is it necessary? The answer to this question can be answered by calling in aid another question, was there any student who finished through school at any level without writing an essay based examination? Or any graduate who did not complete his thesis? Or a postgraduate who did not go though writing a paper either at the master’s or doctor level. As earlier noted, essay features in all of them.

As a student to pass examination well, you will require a huge measure of mastery in common type essays before attempting the complex ones. The use of topic sense in paragraphs, the use of idea based paragraphing are all embodied in essay writing.

Job interviews more often than not, feature an essay about oneself, and why you should be considered for the job. The ability to express yourself and what you have to offer are all considered when deciding, who is eventually hired. You may have something beautiful to write, but if it is poorly expressed, the beauty may be lost, leaving a lifeless abstract idea on paper.

Types of Essay Writing:

Based on recent trend, the following types of essay has been identified;

  1. Expository essay
  2. Narrative essay
  3. Descriptive essay
  4. Persuasive essay
  5. Academic essays.

Argumentative essay has been deliberately left out, as incidence of argumentative essays are no longer so pronounced anymore. Moreover, it is effectively taken care of by persuasive essay. It is however pertinent, to point out that notwithstanding, a difference exists between both. An argumentative essay part from having a different form, advances arguments from one side of the coin only and tries to debunk the arguments, either actual or anticipatory from the other side, but persuasive essay usually presents two sides of the coin, and then a probative judgement is made on why one side is to be preferred. However, they both stand on logic, facts and evidence.

Expository essay:

An expository essay is a kind of essay in which the writer takes the position of a teacher with a duty to teach, educate, inform and analyze a particular topic with a view to acquainting the reader with basic, advanced or comprehensive knowledge of the subject matter depending on the context and purpose of writing.

Thus, the writer is expected to espouse the topic as far as permissible within the word limit of the essay. A writer in this position must try as far as is practicable to be accurate and factual. The writer must equally apply the rules if logic.

If the essay topic presents a problem or contended issue, then the writer must not take a stand, must instead present the two sides of the coin in as much an equal way as possible.

Narrative essay:

The narrative essay tells a story. It reveals or recollects what has happened sometime in the past. However, a narrative essay may perform the two roles of narrating the past and presenting a future prediction. In this case of double negative, the writer while narrating what happened in the past, the past is a feature of a future that is yet to happen. This often happens in mystic novels and scientific novels. See George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty Four.

Descriptive essay:

A descriptive essay is a kind of essay where the writer tells or reveals a system, a process, a method, features, appearance of a thing, person, place or an existential entity. It is supposed to be factual, since an attempt to describe wrongly the way of doing something that is reasonably known, will be regarded as effrontery on common intelligence and common sense.

Academic Essay:

This is an essay written for academic purposes. It is written either as part of academic assessment, in the form of projects, thesis or assignments, or examination essays. Academic essays require an understanding of the field in question. The writer is reasonably expected to know and use the rudimentary jargons that have over the years been accepted as such in that particular field. The form and structure is usually determined by the professionals in that field. You may need to consult your lecturer on this point.

 

Techniques of writing essay

There are many techniques of writing an essay. There is sincerely speaking no one universal award winning technique. It is a case of every writer being able to develop his own technique and stick to it. However, you may be wondering, how will I develop my own technique? The answer is very simple. You need to start reading books, essays, articles, stories etc. does it sound too much of a requirement? Don’t worry, that’s why young writers forum exists. You can pick at least three articles in the website to get started.

However, in all essays the following are recurrent;

Title:

The essay must mirror a title that aligns perfectly with the content of the essay. Choose a title that flows directly from the content of your work.

Paragraphing:

Paragraphs are the store house of ideas for your essay. It must be properly executed and written. There are different rules governing paragraphing. Some of these include:

A paragraph must begin with a capital letter.

A paragraph must contain just one idea or postulation, usually contained in the topic sentence. Follow this link for more exposition on this.

Your assertion must be supported by valid and cogent facts, built around valuable sources.

Your essay must logically flow, sometimes in what has been called the introduction-body-conclusion flow; but need not be so. What matters is that your ideas flow from one to another, and together they illuminate the topic in bright light and combine to achieve a better effect.

 

Follow this link for a well written essay.